Citizen journalism

这篇文章是三个人用一个小时来完成的,先整理提纲,然后开始讨论应该包含的资料,然后写成英文了,当然,这不是我的,我不会写英文,这是Randal Hung(孔繁扬,Netmisson)和Cheung Chi Fung,Johnny(张智峯,香港維基媒體協會),歡迎媒體從業者參考一下此文。

Citizen journalism is the concept of members of the public playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information. The intent of this participation is to provide independent, reliable, accurate, wide-ranging and relevant information that a democracy requires. ( Source: Wikipedia )

The advent of new technology could make people to spread their information much easier. As in the past, if you got something valuable to report to the public, you have to spread it through mass media, which generally costs a lot. General individuals therefore could not spread what they see at all. However, the internet provides a platform for the general public to publish their information, especially after the appearance of blogs, where people can post their words without much skill requirement. Moreover, the introduction of digital camera allows citizens to take photos and video clips freely and easily as well. With such technological advance, ordinary citizens could also take an active role as mass reporters., who publish the first hand fact to the public.

In fact, micro-blogging can even boost such trend, like twitter, which allows users to publish short feeds to the site and many of them use it to spread the recent happening of society. The mobile devices of internet, like iPhone, could also fuel this trend, as people could easily post the twitter feet on site.

Such phenomenon also changes society in many aspects. First of all, the emergency news could be spread more rapidly than before. Take the CCTV hotel fire as an example, the first hand source is taken by the citizen and spread it through the twitter, which the other citizen could also know the news and spread more extensively. The majority citizen would be able to know the incident 白happened before the mainstream media. In the prevalence of the main media, mass media is the only way to represent the ideas of the whole society, and if there is state interference, the mass media would be able to lie the masses easily. Sensitive information which would shake the interest of the government are not allowed for publication.

Like the riot caused by the bankruptcy of Yilishen (蚁力神), a drug company which is heavily connected to the high officials and alleged to be linked with corruption, was not allowed to be reported by the mass media. This in turn reported by citizen journalists instead, who put the relevant information on the internet.

Many civil unrest in China (Called:群体事件) would also be reported by citizen journalists in detail, but not the mass media. In fact, in other parts of the world, citizen journalists provide wider perspectives other than the mainstream ones, and the citizen could receive the ideas other than what mainstream ones could provide, which is usually biased to the government or corporations.

However, as the citizen journalism would sometimes violate the interest of the authoritarian regimes, the government could censor those blogs and mirco-blogging sites during times of sensitivity. This must be addressed as citizens’ rights of expression would be barred, and would not be beneficial to society.

At the end of the day, to report something valuable, citizen journalists could have the chance to use or quote the third party source, and there are conflicts about the ownership among the media. It is strongly advised that citizen journalists to have their reports released under the open licenses, like creative commons, so that everyone else in society could quote the articles with less legal disputes.

4 thoughts on “Citizen journalism”

  1. 公民新闻的概念市民发挥积极作用的过程中,收集,报告,分析和传播新闻和信息。的意图,这种参与是提供独立,可靠,准确,广泛和有关资料的民主要求。 (资料来源:维基百科)

    随着新技术可以使人们传播信息更加容易。如同过去一样,如果你找到了有价值的报告向公众,你必须通过大众传播媒介,一般要花很多。一般个人因此不能传播他们所看到的一切。然而,互联网提供了一个平台,为一般公众公布他们的信息,特别是在外观的博客,人们可以在那里张贴他们的话没有太多的技能要求。此外,采用数码相机允许公民采取照片和视频剪辑自由和轻松的。有了这样的技术进步,普通公民也可以采取积极的作用大规模记者。,谁发布的第一手事实公众。

    事实上,微博客甚至可以推动这种趋势,如叽叽喳喳,从而可以让用户发布短资讯的网站,其中许多人用它来传播最近发生的社会。移动设备的互联网,像iPhone手机,也可以燃料这一趋势,因为人们可以很容易地张贴叽叽喳喳英尺的网站。

    这种现象还改变社会的许多方面。首先,可能是紧急的新闻传播比以往更迅速。采取闭路电视酒店火灾为例,第一手来源是采取的公民和传播通过叽叽喳喳,而其他公民也可以知道的新闻和传播更加广泛。大多数公民将能够知道这一事件发生之前,白的主流媒体。在流行的主要传播媒介,大众传播媒介,是唯一的出路的想法代表了整个社会,是否有国家干预,大众媒体将能够轻松地躺在群众。敏感信息将动摇的利益,政府不得出版。

    像防暴破产所造成的Yilishen (蚁力神) ,药物公司是连接到大量的高级官员和据称是与腐败,是不允许报道的大众媒体。这反过来又报告了公民记者相反,谁把有关资料在互联网上。

    许多内乱中国(称为:群体事件)也将报告的公民记者详细,但不是大众媒体。事实上,在世界其他地方,公民记者提供更广泛的角度以外的主流的,和公民的意见能够得到什么主流以外的可以提供,通常是有偏见的政府部门或公司。

    但是,随着公民新闻有时会违反了利益的独裁政权,政府可以审查这些博客和微型博客网站的敏感时期。这必须加以解决的公民的权利表达将被禁止,并且将不利于社会。

    在一天结束的时候,一些有价值的报告,公民记者可以有机会使用或引用的第三方来源,并有冲突的所有权之间的媒介。我们强烈建议,公民记者有其报告中发布的开放许可,如商品,从而使每个人在社会中可能引用的法律条款的争端。

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